Knowledge management tools and mechanisms for evidence-informed decision-making in the WHO European Region: a scoping review Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • Abstract Background Knowledge management (KM) emerged as a strategy to promote evidence-informed decision-making. This scoping review aims to map existing KM tools and mechanisms used to promote evidence-informed health decision-making in the WHO European Region and identify knowledge gaps. Methods Following the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) guidance for conducting scoping reviews, we searched Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, and Open Grey. We conducted a descriptive analysis of the general characteristics of the included papers and conducted narrative analysis of the included studies and categorized studies according to KM type and phase. Results Out of 9541 citations identified, we included 141 studies. The KM tools mostly assessed are evidence networks, surveillance tools, observatories, data platforms and registries, with most examining KM tools in high-income countries of the WHO European region. Findings suggest that KM tools can identify health problems, inform health planning and resource allocation, increase the use of evidence by policymakers and stimulate policy discussion. Conclusion Policymakers and funding agencies are called to support capacity-building activities, and future studies to strengthen KM in the WHO European region particularly in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. An updated over-arching strategy to coordinate KM activities in the WHO European region will be useful in these efforts.


  • El-Jardali, Fadi
  • Bou-Karroum, Lama
  • Hilal, Nadeen
  • Hammoud, Maya
  • Hemadi, Nour
  • Assal, Michelle
  • Kalach, Nour
  • Harb, Aya
  • Azzopardi-Muscat, Natasha
  • Sy, Tyrone Reden
  • Novillo-Ortiz, David

publication date

  • October 31, 2023