Influence of the aquatic environment and 1α,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 on calcium influx in the intestine of adult zebrafish Journal Articles uri icon

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  • We investigated the effects of environment calcium challenge and 1α,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 (1,25-D3) on 45Ca2+ influx in the intestine of zebrafish (ZF). In vitro45Ca2+ influx was analyzed using intestines from fed and fasted fish. ZF were held in water containing Ca2+ (0.02, 0.7, 2.0 mM) to analyze the ex vivo45Ca2+ influx in the intestine and for histology. Intestines from fish held in water with Ca2+ were incubated ex vivo to characterize ion channels, receptors, ATPases and ion exchangers that orchestrate 45Ca2+ influx. For in vitro studies, intestines were incubated with antagonists/agonist or inhibitors to study the mechanism of 1,25-D3 on 45Ca2+ influx. Fasted ZF reached a plateau for 45Ca2+ influx at 30 min. In vivo fish at high Ca2+ stimulated ex vivo45Ca2+ influx and increased the height of intestinal villi in low calcium. In the normal calcium, 45Ca2+ influx was maintained by the reverse-mode Na+/Ca2+ (NCX) activation, Na+/K+-ATPase pump and sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) pump. However, Ca2+ hyperosmolarity is supported by L-type voltage-dependent calcium channels (L-VDCC), transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily 1 (TRPV1) and Na+/K+-ATPase activity. The calcium challenge causes morphological alteration and changes the ion type-channels involved in the intestine to maintain hyperosmolarity. 1,25-D3 stimulates Ca2+ influx in normal osmolarity coordinated by L-VDCC activation and SERCA inhibition to keeps high intracellular calcium in intestine. Our data showed that the adult ZF regulates the calcium challenge (per se osmolarity), independently of the hormonal regulation to maintain the calcium balance through the intestine to support ionic adaptation.


  • Dambrós, Betina Fernanda
  • Batista da Silva, Hemily
  • de Moura, Kieiv Resende Sousa
  • Gomes Castro, Allisson Jhonatan
  • Van Der Kraak, Glen
  • Silva, Fátima Regina Mena Barreto

publication date

  • November 2023