Development and Content Validity of a Novel Patient-Reported Outcome Measure for Total Laryngectomy: The LARY-Q Journal Articles uri icon

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  • OBJECTIVES: To develop a patient-reported outcomes measure (PROM) for total laryngectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of patients with total laryngectomy, followed by cognitive debriefing interviews with patients and expert feedback. METHODS: Concept elicitation was performed using in-depth qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of patients who had undergone total laryngectomy. Patients were recruited from head and neck surgery and speech-language pathology clinics as well as via laryngectomy support groups. Interviews were conducted, recorded, transcribed, and coded, resulting in a conceptual framework and item pool. Using the item pool, preliminary scales were drafted. The scales were revised iteratively over 5 rounds using feedback from cognitive interviews with patients and multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary expert feedback. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients with total laryngectomy (mean age 68 years, range 57-79) were interviewed resulting in 1555 codes. The codes were used to form a conceptual framework grouped into top-level domains of stoma, function, health-related quality of life, devices, and experience of care. Items were used to form 15 preliminary scales that were revised over five rounds of cognitive debriefing interviews (n = 9 patients) and expert feedback (n = 17 experts). The field-test version of the LARY-Q has 18 scales and 277 items in total. CONCLUSIONS: The LARY-Q is a novel PROM designed to assess outcomes associated with total laryngectomy. The next step involves a field test study with a heterogenous sample of patients to assess the psychometric properties of the LARY-Q and perform item reduction.


  • Wu, Michael P
  • Kaur, Manraj N
  • Feng, Allen L
  • Pattanaik, Rakasa
  • Kammer, Rachael
  • MacLeod, Bridget
  • Farshi, Anna Choi
  • Bunting, Glenn
  • Varvares, Mark A
  • Pusic, Andrea L
  • Klassen, Anne
  • Deschler, Daniel G

publication date

  • May 2023