DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION OF HEPATOCYTE GROWTH FACTOR IN LIVER, KIDNEY, LUNG, AND SPLEEN FOLLOWING BURN IN RATS
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Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) plays a role as an organotropic factor for regeneration of injured organs. HGF is synthesized as an inactive single-chain precursor which is then converted to a biologically active heterodimeric form by proteolytic processing. Burn is the insult that results in hypovolemia which causes systemic organ injury. In this study, we investigated the induction and activation of HGF in various rat organs following burn trauma. Tissue HGF content determined as the total amount of the single-chain and heterodimeric form increased significantly in liver, lung, spleen, and kidney 12 h after burn. Molecular analysis revealed that HGF in these four organs of control rats was the single-chain precursor. In the burned rats, HGF was the single-chain form in the liver and lung, whereas heterodimeric HGF was detected in the spleen and kidney. Tissue protein content, an index of tissue injury, decreased significantly in the spleen and kidney, indicating that tissue damage was severe in these two organs. These results suggest that burn induces the production of HGF in various organs, and that the induced HGF is activated according to the severity of tissue damage caused by burn.
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