Semi-stability of embedded solitons in the general fifth-order KdV equation Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Evolution of perturbed embedded solitons in the general Hamiltonian fifth-order Korteweg--de Vries (KdV) equation is studied. When an embedded soliton is perturbed, it sheds a one-directional continuous-wave radiation. It is shown that the radiation amplitude is not minimal in general. A dynamical equation for velocity of the perturbed embedded soliton is derived. This equation shows that a neutrally stable embedded soliton is in fact semi-stable. When the perturbation increases the momentum of the embedded soliton, the perturbed state approaches asymptotically the embedded soliton, while when the perturbation reduces the momentum of the embedded soliton, the perturbed state decays into radiation. Classes of initial conditions to induce soliton decay or persistence are also determined. Our analytical results are confirmed by direct numerical simulations of the fifth-order KdV equation.

publication date

  • September 2002