Nonlinear Instability of a Critical Traveling Wave in the Generalized Korteweg–de Vries Equation Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We prove the instability of a ``critical'' solitary wave of the generalized Korteweg -- de Vries equation, the one with the speed at the border between the stability and instability regions. The instability mechanism involved is ``purely nonlinear'', in the sense that the linearization at a critical soliton does not have eigenvalues with positive real part. We prove that critical solitons correspond generally to the saddle-node bifurcation of two branches of solitons.

publication date

  • January 2007