The Epilepsy Surgery Experience in Children With Infantile Epileptic Spasms Syndrome at a Tertiary Care Center in Canada Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Background: Infantile epileptic spasms syndrome is an epileptic encephalopathy, characterized by spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and developmental regression. Appropriately selected patients with infantile epileptic spasms syndrome may be candidates for epilepsy surgery. Methods: This is a single-center retrospective case series of children 0-18 years with a current or previous diagnosis of infantile epileptic spasms syndrome with a lesion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or positron emission tomography scan who underwent epilepsy surgery at The Hospital for Sick Children (HSC) in Toronto, Canada. The records of 223 patients seen in the infantile epileptic spasms syndrome clinic were reviewed. Results: Nineteen patients met inclusion criteria. The etiology of infantile epileptic spasms syndrome was encephalomalacia in 6 patients (32%), malformations of cortical development in 12 patients (63%), and atypical hypoglycemic injury in 1 patient (5%). Nine patients (47%) underwent hemispherectomy, and 10 patients (53%) underwent lobectomy/lesionectomy. Three patients (16%) underwent a second epilepsy surgery. Fifteen patients (79%) were considered ILAE seizure outcome class 1 (completely seizure free; no auras) at their most recent follow-up visit. The percentage of patients who were ILAE class 1 at most recent follow-up decreased with increasing duration of epilepsy prior to surgery. Developmental outcome after surgery was improved in 14 of 19 (74%) and stable in 5 of 19 (26%) patients. Conclusions: Our study found excellent seizure freedom rates and improved developmental outcomes following epilepsy surgery in patients with a history of infantile epileptic spasms syndrome with a structural lesion detected on MRI brain. Patients who undergo surgery earlier have improved seizure freedom rates and improved developmental outcomes.


  • Gettings, Jennifer V
  • Shafi, Shatha
  • Boyd, Jennifer
  • Snead, O Carter
  • Rutka, James
  • Drake, James
  • McCoy, Bláthnaid
  • Jain, Puneet
  • Whitney, Robyn
  • Go, Cristina

publication date

  • March 2023