International Framework for Examination of the Cervical Region for Potential of Vascular Pathologies of the Neck Prior to Musculoskeletal Intervention: International IFOMPT Cervical Framework Journal Articles uri icon

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  • SYNOPSIS: This position statement, stemming from the International IFOMPT (International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists) Cervical Framework, was developed based upon the best contemporary evidence and expert opinion to assist clinicians during their clinical reasoning process when considering presentations involving the head and neck. Developed through rigorous consensus methods, the International IFOMPT Cervical Framework guides assessment of the cervical spine region for potential vascular pathologies of the neck in advance of planned interventions. Within the cervical spine, events and presentations of vascular pathologies of the neck are rare but are an important consideration as part of patient examination. Vascular pathologies may be recognizable if the appropriate questions are asked during the patient history-taking process, if interpretation of elicited data enables recognition of this potential, and if the physical examination can be adapted to explore any potential vasculogenic hypothesis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2023;53(1):7-22. Epub: 14 September 2022. doi:10.2519/jospt.2022.11147.


  • Rushton, Alison
  • Carlesso, Lisa
  • Flynn, Timothy
  • Hing, Wayne A
  • Rubinstein, Sidney M
  • Vogel, Steven
  • Kerry, Roger

publication date

  • January 2023