The effects of resting and exercise serum from children with cystic fibrosis on C2C12 myoblast proliferation in vitro
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Chronic systemic inflammation is a clinical symptom in children with cystic fibrosis (CF), but the effects on skeletal muscle development are unknown. The aims of this study were to determine (1) the effects of systemic factors from children with CF and healthy controls on myoblast proliferation, and (2) whether exercise serum can have an effect on proliferation in vitro. Eleven children with CF and 11 biological age-matched controls completed two 30-min bouts of cycling at an intensity set at 50% peak mechanical power. Serum samples were collected before exercise (REST), immediately following exercise (EX), and after 60 min of recovery (REC). Serum samples prepared in group-specific pools were used for cell culture experiments. C2C12 myoblasts were incubated in 5% serum and media for 1 h and then immediately harvested for protein and mRNA analysis, or incubated in growth media for 2 days to examine proliferation. C2C12 myoblasts treated with CF serum displayed greater proliferation phenotype than myoblasts treated with control serum. Proliferation did not change with EX or REC serum from children with CF compared to CF REST serum, while proliferation was increased with EX and REC serum from control compared to control REST serum. These findings suggest that systemic factors from children with CF at rest and after exercise can alter myoblast proliferation responses when compared to systemic factors from healthy children, which may have implications on skeletal muscle development.