Regulation of SR-BI-mediated selective lipid uptake in Chinese hamster ovary-derived cells by protein kinase signaling pathways
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Scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI) mediates binding and internalization of a variety of lipoprotein and nonlipoprotein ligands, including HDL. Studies in genetically engineered mice revealed that SR-BI plays an important role in HDL reverse cholesterol transport and protection against atherosclerosis. Understanding how SR-BI's function is regulated may reveal new approaches to therapeutic intervention in atherosclerosis and heart disease. We utilized a model cell system to explore pathways involved in SR-BI-mediated lipid uptake from and signaling in response to distinct lipoprotein ligands: the physiological ligand, HDL, and a model ligand, acetyl LDL (AcLDL). In Chinese hamster ovary-derived cells, murine SR-BI (mSR-BI) mediates lipid uptake via distinct pathways that are dependent on the lipoprotein ligand. Furthermore, HDL and AcLDL activate distinct signaling pathways. Finally, mSR-BI-mediated selective lipid uptake versus endocytic uptake are differentially regulated by protein kinase signaling pathways. The protein kinase C (PKC) activator PMA and the phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin increase the degree of mSR-BI-mediated selective lipid uptake, whereas a PKC inhibitor has the opposite effect. These data demonstrate that SR-BI's selective lipid uptake activity can be acutely regulated by intracellular signaling cascades, some of which can originate from HDL binding to murine SR-BI itself.
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