Slit is a repellent axon guidance cue produced by the midline glia in
Drosophilathat is required to regulate the formation of contralateral projections and the lateral position of longitudinal tracts. Four sequence motifs comprise the structure of Slit: a leucine-rich repeat (LRR), epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats, a laminin-like globular (G)-domain, and a cysteine domain. Here we demonstrate that the LRR is required for repellent signaling and in vitrobinding to Robo. Repellent signaling by slitis reduced by point mutations that encode single amino acid changes in the LRR domain. By contrast to the EGF or G-domains, the LRR domain is required in transgenes to affect axon guidance. Finally, we show that the midline repellent receptor, Robo, binds Slit proteins with internal deletions that also retain repellent activity. However, Robo does not bind Slit protein missing the LRR. Taken together, our data demonstrate that Robo binding and repellent signaling by Slit require the LRR region.