Diuretic factors and second messengers stimulate secretion of the organic cation TEA by the Malpighian tubules of Drosophila melanogaster
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This study showed that four factors which stimulate transepithelial fluid secretion and inorganic ion transport across the main segment of the Malpighian tubules of Drosophila melanogaster also stimulate transepithelial secretion of the prototypical organic cation tetraethylammonium (TEA). TEA fluxes across the Malpighian tubules and gut were measured using a TEA-selective self-referencing (TEA-SeR) microelectrode. TEA flux across isolated Malpighian tubules was also measured using a TEA-selective microelectrode positioned in droplets of fluid secreted by tubules set up in a modified Ramsay assay. TEA flux was stimulated by the intracellular second messengers cAMP and cGMP, which increase the lumen-positive transepithelial potential (TEP), and also by tyramine and leucokinin-I (LK-I), which decrease TEP. The largest increase was measured in response to 1 micromol l-1 LK-I which increased transepithelial TEA flux by 72%. TEA flux in the lower tubule was stimulated slightly (13%) by 1 micromol l-1 tyramine but not by any of the other factors. TEA flux across the midgut was unaffected by cAMP, cGMP or tyramine. This is the first study to demonstrate the effects of insect diuretic factors and second messengers on excretion of organic cations.
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