Contribution of action to perception of self-orientation in humans
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In this study, we evaluated the effect of action on the perception of an egocentric illusion. Eighteen participants were asked to indicate the perceived morphological horizon under two backward body tilts from upright in the median plane (i.e. pitch) using five different response modes. The response modes varied in the degree of motor and cognitive involvement. Differences in perception of the morphological horizon between the two body tilts were significant only when proximal limb control was not involved. These results suggest that motor involvement and frame of reference may both be important in visual-vestibular illusions.
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