Therapeutic Ultrasound-Induced Insulin Release in Vivo
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The tolerability and efficacy of low-frequency, low-intensity therapeutic ultrasound-induced insulin release was investigated in a pre-clinical in vivo murine model. The treatment groups received a single 5-min continuous sonication at 1 MHz and 1.0 W/cm2. Insulin and glucagon levels in the serum were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The pancreas was excised and sectioned for histologic analysis. In terminal studies, we observed a moderate (∼50 pM) but significant increase in blood insulin concentration in vivo immediately after sonication compared with a decrease of approximately 60 pM in sham animals (n < 6, p < 0.005). No difference was observed in the change in glucose or glucagon concentrations between groups. Comparisons of hematoxylin and eosin-stained terminal and survival pancreatic tissue revealed no visible differences or evidence of damage. This study is the first step in assessing the translational potential of therapeutic ultrasound as a treatment for early stages of type 2 diabetes.
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