Effects of phenytoin, carbamazepine, and clonazepam on cortex- and amygdala-evoked potentials in partially kindled rats
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The kindling technique has been reported to produce a long-lasting enhancement in both the early and late phases of evoked potentials triggered from the kindled focus. It also alters paired-pulse facilitation and depression in the pathways which support these phenomena. The present experiment was designed to determine whether the drugs which antagonize secondary generalization in the kindling model also antagonize kindling-enhanced excitation in the pathways leading out of the focus. Multiple doses of phenytoin, carbamazepine, and clonazepam were therefore tested against single- and double-pulse evoked potentials triggered from the focus in rats that had been subjected to parital kindling from either the amygdala or the cortex. Responses were recorded in monosynaptic sites and in the mesencephalic reticular formation--a polysynaptic site thought to play an important role in secondary generalization. No drug-related effects were found on early evoked potential components, either in the single-pulse or the double-pulse paradigm. Kindling-enhanced late components ("late waves"), however, were clearly and selectively antagonized by clonazepam.
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