Syntheses, X-ray crystal structures and reactivity of fluorenylidene- and dibenzosuberenylidene-allenes: convenient precursors to dispirotetracenes, di-indenotetracenes and 2-phenyl-11bH-dibenz[cd,h]azulene Academic Article uri icon

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  • 3,3-(Biphenyl-2,2'-diyl)-1-alpha,alpha,alpha-trifluoro-p-tolyl-allene, 9, sequentially forms head-to-tail, 12, cis-tail-to-tail, 13, and trans tail-to-tail, 14, 1,2-dialkylidene-cyclobutane dimers, each of which has been characterised by X-ray crystallography. Thermolysis at 180 degrees C yields the dispirotetracene, 15, and di-indenotetracene, 16; the latter compound forms an air-stable Diels-Alder adduct, 17, with N-methylmaleimide. In contrast, the dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptenylidene-allenes, (C(14)H(10))C=C=C(Br)Ph, 20a, and (C(14)H(10))C=C=C(H)Ph, 21a, do not dimerise under relatively mild conditions. However, protonation of the bromo-allene, 20a, and subsequent addition of hydride, provide a facile entry to the difficultly accessible bowl-shaped dibenz[cd,h]azulene framework, as in 30, that had not previously been structurally characterised. Among others, the X-ray crystal structures of 12, 13, 14, 17, 20a, 21a and 30 are reported.


  • Banide, Emilie V
  • O'Connor, Crystal
  • Fortune, Natasha
  • Ortin, Yannick
  • Milosevic, Sandra
  • Müller-Bunz, Helge
  • Mcglinchey, Michael James

publication date

  • 2010