Effect of Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists on Lipid Profiles Among Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis
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PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to assess the effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) on lipid profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched from inception through October 31, 2013. Randomized controlled trials with available data were selected if they compared GLP-1 RAs with placebo and traditional antidiabetic drugs with a duration ≥8 weeks. The weighted mean difference for changes in lipid profiles was estimated by using the random effects model, and a network meta-analysis was performed to supplement direct comparisons. FINDINGS: Thirty-five trials with 13 treatments were included in the analysis. GLP-1 RAs decreased HDL-C with a range of -0.06 mmol/L (95% CI, -0.11 to -0.01) to -0.13 mmol/L (95% CI, -0.17 to -0.10) compared with thiazolidinediones, whereas thiazolidinediones were associated with a significant increase in HDL-C compared with placebo (0.09 mmol/L [95% CI, 0.06 to 0.12]). A significant reduction in LDL-C was detected for all GLP-1 RAs versus placebo (range, -0.08 to -0.16 mmol/L), insulin (range, -0.10 to -0.19 mmol/L), and thiazolidinediones (range, -0.16 to -0.24 mmol/L). Exenatide, liraglutide 1.8 mg once daily, and taspoglutide decreased total cholesterol with a range of -0.16 mmol/L (95% CI, -0.26 to -0.06) to -0.27 mmol/L (95% CI, -0.41 to -0.12) versus placebo and thiazolidinediones (range, -0.26 to -0.37 mmol/L). The decreased effect was more evident in exenatide long-acting release and liraglutide 1.8 mg once daily. A significant reduction in triglyceride levels was observed with liraglutide 1.8 mg once daily (-0.30 mmol/L [95% CI, -0.49 to -0.11]) and taspoglutide 20 mg once weekly (-0.17 mmol/L [95% CI, -0.31 to -0.01]) versus placebo. IMPLICATIONS: GLP-1 RAs were associated with modest reductions in LDL-C, total cholesterol, and triglycerides but no significant improvement in HDL-C. Further evidence is needed to determine if improvements in lipid profiles might translate into reductions in cardiovascular outcomes.
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