Single-Site Labeling of Native Proteins Enabled by a Chemoselective and Site-Selective Chemical Technology Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Chemical biology research often requires precise covalent attachment of labels to the native proteins. Such methods are sought after to probe, design, and regulate the properties of proteins. At present, this demand is largely unmet due to the lack of empowering chemical technology. Here, we report a chemical platform that enables site-selective labeling of native proteins. Initially, a reversible intermolecular reaction places the "chemical linchpins" globally on all the accessible Lys residues. These linchpins have the capability to drive site-selective covalent labeling of proteins. The linchpin detaches within physiological conditions and capacitates the late-stage installation of various tags. The chemical platform is modular, and the reagent design regulates the site of modification. The linchpin is a multitasking group and facilitates purification of the labeled protein eliminating the requirement of additional chromatography tag. The methodology allows the labeling of a single protein in a mixture of proteins. The precise modification of an accessible residue in protein ensures that their structure remains unaltered. The enzymatic activity of myoglobin, cytochrome C, aldolase, and lysozyme C remains conserved after labeling. Also, the cellular uptake of modified insulin and its downstream signaling process remain unperturbed. The linchpin directed modification (LDM) provides a convenient route for the conjugation of a fluorophore and drug to a Fab and monoclonal antibody. It delivers trastuzumab-doxorubicin and trastuzumab-emtansine conjugates with selective antiproliferative activity toward Her-2 positive SKBR-3 breast cancer cells.

authors

  • Adusumalli, Srinivasa Rao
  • Rawale, Dattatraya Gautam
  • Singh, Usha
  • Tripathi, Prabhanshu
  • Paul, Rajesh
  • Kalra, Neetu
  • Mishra, Ram
  • Shukla, Sanjeev
  • Rai, Vishal

publication date

  • November 7, 2018