Flexible High-Dimensional Unsupervised Learning with Missing Data
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The mixture of factor analyzers (MFA) model is a famous mixture model-based approach for unsupervised learning with high-dimensional data. It can be useful, inter alia, in situations where the data dimensionality far exceeds the number of observations. In recent years, the MFA model has been extended to non-Gaussian mixtures to account for clusters with heavier tail weight and/or asymmetry. The generalized hyperbolic factor analyzers (MGHFA) model is one such extension, which leads to a flexible modelling paradigm that accounts for both heavier tail weight and cluster asymmetry. In many practical applications, the occurrence of missing values often complicates data analyses. A generalization of the MGHFA is presented to accommodate missing values. Under a missing-at-random mechanism, we develop a computationally efficient alternating expectation conditional maximization algorithm for parameter estimation of the MGHFA model with different patterns of missing values. The imputation of missing values under an incomplete-data structure of MGHFA is also investigated. The performance of our proposed methodology is illustrated through the analysis of simulated and real data.
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