Observation of Doppler broadening in -delayed proton- decay Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Background: The Doppler broadening of $\gamma$-ray peaks due to nuclear recoil from $\beta$-delayed nucleon emission can be used to measure the energies of the nucleons. This method has never been tested using $\beta$-delayed proton emission or applied to a recoil heavier than $A=10$. Purpose: To test and apply this Doppler broadening method using $\gamma$-ray peaks from the $^{26}$P($\beta p\gamma$)$^{25}$Al decay sequence. Methods: A fast beam of $^{26}$P was implanted into a planar Ge detector, which was used as a $^{26}$P $\beta$-decay trigger. The SeGA array of high-purity Ge detectors was used to detect $\gamma$ rays from the $^{26}$P($\beta p\gamma$)$^{25}$Al decay sequence. Results: Radiative Doppler broadening in $\beta$-delayed proton-$\gamma$ decay was observed for the first time. The Doppler broadening analysis method was verified using the 1613 keV $\gamma$-ray line for which the proton energies were previously known. The 1776 keV $\gamma$ ray de-exciting the 2720 keV $^{25}$Al level was observed in $^{26}$P($\beta p\gamma$)$^{25}$Al decay for the first time and used to determine that the center-of-mass energy of the proton emission feeding the 2720-keV level is 5.1 $\pm$ 1.0 (stat.) $\pm$ 0.6 (syst.) MeV, corresponding to a $^{26}$Si excitation energy of 13.3 $\pm$ 1.0 (stat.) $\pm$ 0.6 (syst.) MeV for the proton-emitting level. Conclusions: The Doppler broadening method has been demonstrated to provide practical measurements of the energies for $\beta$-delayed nucleon emissions populating excited states of nuclear recoils at least as heavy as $A=25$.

authors

  • Schwartz, SB
  • Wrede, C
  • Bennett, MB
  • Liddick, SN
  • Pérez-Loureiro, D
  • Bowe, A
  • Chen, Alan
  • Chipps, KA
  • Cooper, N
  • Irvine, D
  • McNeice, E
  • Montes, F
  • Naqvi, F
  • Ortez, R
  • Pain, SD
  • Pereira, J
  • Prokop, C
  • Quaglia, J
  • Quinn, SJ
  • Sakstrup, J
  • Santia, M
  • Shanab, S
  • Simon, A
  • Spyrou, A
  • Thiagalingam, E

publication date

  • September 2015