Nuclear structure of30S and its implications for nucleosynthesis in classical novae Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The uncertainty in the 29P(p,gamma)30S reaction rate over the temperature range of 0.1 - 1.3 GK was previously determined to span ~4 orders of magnitude due to the uncertain location of two previously unobserved 3+ and 2+ resonances in the 4.7 - 4.8 MeV excitation region in 30S. Therefore, the abundances of silicon isotopes synthesized in novae, which are relevant for the identification of presolar grains of putative nova origin, were uncertain by a factor of 3. To investigate the level structure of 30S above the proton threshold (4394.9(7) keV), a charged-particle spectroscopy and an in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy experiments were performed. Differential cross sections of the 32S(p,t)30S reaction were measured at 34.5 MeV. Distorted wave Born approximation calculations were performed to constrain the spin-parity assignments of the observed levels. An energy level scheme was deduced from gamma-gamma coincidence measurements using the 28Si(3He,n-gamma)30S reaction. Spin-parity assignments based on measurements of gamma-ray angular distributions and gamma-gamma directional correlation from oriented nuclei were made for most of the observed levels of 30S. As a result, the resonance energies corresponding to the excited states in 4.5 MeV - 6 MeV region, including the two astrophysically important states predicted previously, are measured with significantly better precision than before. The uncertainty in the rate of the 29P(p,gamma)30S reaction is substantially reduced over the temperature range of interest. Finally, the influence of this rate on the abundance ratios of silicon isotopes synthesized in novae are obtained via 1D hydrodynamic nova simulations.

authors

  • Setoodehnia, K
  • Chen, Alan
  • Kahl, D
  • Komatsubara, T
  • José, J
  • Longland, R
  • Abe, Y
  • Binh, DN
  • Chen, Jun
  • Cherubini, S
  • Clark, JA
  • Deibel, CM
  • Fukuoka, S
  • Hashimoto, T
  • Hayakawa, T
  • Hendriks, J
  • Ishibashi, Y
  • Ito, Y
  • Kubono, S
  • Lennard, WN
  • Moriguchi, T
  • Nagae, D
  • Nishikiori, R
  • Niwa, T
  • Ozawa, A
  • Parker, PD
  • Seiler, D
  • Shizuma, T
  • Suzuki, H
  • Wrede, C
  • Yamaguchi, H
  • Yuasa, T

publication date

  • June 7, 2013