Preprocessing, mass-loss and mass segregation of galaxies in dark matter simulations Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We investigate the mass loss of galaxies in groups and clusters with high-resolution DM simulations. We detect weak mass segregation in the inner regions of group/cluster haloes, consistent with observational findings. This applies to samples of galaxy analogues selected using either their present-day mass or past maximum (peak) mass. We find a strong radial trend in the fractional mass lost by the galaxies since peak, independent of their mass. This suggests that segregation is due to massive galaxies having formed closer to the halo centres and not the preferential destruction of smaller galaxies near halo centres. We divide our sample into galaxies that were accreted as a group vs. as a single, distinct halo. We find strong evidence for preprocessing -- the grouped galaxies lose $\sim 35-45\%$ of their peak mass before being accreted onto their final host haloes, compared to single galaxies which lose $\sim12\%$. After accretion, however, the single galaxies lose more mass compared to the grouped ones. These results are consistent with a scenario in which grouped galaxies are preprocessed in smaller haloes while single galaxies `catch up' in terms of total mass loss once they are accreted onto the final host halo. The fractional mass loss is mostly independent of the galaxy mass and host mass, and increases with amount of time spent in a dense environment.

publication date

  • July 2017