On transverse stability of discrete line solitons Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We obtain sharp criteria for transverse stability and instability of line solitons in the discrete nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations on one- and two-dimensional lattices near the anti-continuum limit. On a two-dimensional lattice, the fundamental line soliton is proved to be transversely stable (unstable) when it bifurcates from the $X$ ($\Gamma$) point of the dispersion surface. On a one-dimensional (stripe) lattice, the fundamental line soliton is proved to be transversely unstable for both signs of transverse dispersion. If this transverse dispersion has the opposite sign to the discrete dispersion, the instability is caused by a resonance between isolated eigenvalues of negative energy and the continuous spectrum of positive energy. These results hold for both focusing and defocusing nonlinearities via a staggering transformation. When the line soliton is transversely unstable, asymptotic expressions for unstable eigenvalues are also derived. These analytical results are compared with numerical results, and perfect agreement is obtained.

publication date

  • July 2013