On the spectral theory and dispersive estimates for a discrete Schrödinger equation in one dimension Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Based on the recent work \cite{KKK} for compact potentials, we develop the spectral theory for the one-dimensional discrete Schr\"odinger operator $$ H \phi = (-\De + V)\phi=-(\phi_{n+1} + \phi_{n-1} - 2 \phi_n) + V_n \phi_n. $$ We show that under appropriate decay conditions on the general potential (and a non-resonance condition at the spectral edges), the spectrum of $H$ consists of finitely many eigenvalues of finite multiplicities and the essential (absolutely continuous) spectrum, while the resolvent satisfies the limiting absorption principle and the Puiseux expansions near the edges. These properties imply the dispersive estimates $$ \|e^{i t H} P_{\rm a.c.}(H)\|_{l^2_{\sigma} \to l^2_{-\sigma}} \lesssim t^{-3/2} $$ for any fixed $\sigma > {5/2}$ and any $t > 0$, where $P_{\rm a.c.}(H)$ denotes the spectral projection to the absolutely continuous spectrum of $H$. In addition, based on the scattering theory for the discrete Jost solutions and the previous results in \cite{SK}, we find new dispersive estimates $$ \|e^{i t H} P_{\rm a.c.}(H) \|_{l^1\to l^\infty}\lesssim t^{-1/3}. $$ These estimates are sharp for the discrete Schr\"{o}dinger operators even for $V = 0$.

publication date

  • November 2008