Controlling the collimation and rotation of hydromagnetic disc winds Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • (Abriged) We present a comprehensive set of axisymmetric, time-dependent simulations of jets from Keplerian disks whose mass loading as a function of disk radius is systematically changed. For a reasonable model for the density structure and injection speed of the underlying accretion disk, mass loading is determined by the radial structure of the disk's magnetic field structure. We vary this structure by using four different magnetic field configurations, ranging from the "potential" configuration (Ouyed&Pudritz 1997), to the increasingly more steeply falling Blandford&Payne (1982) and Pelletier&Pudritz (1992) models, and ending with a quite steeply raked configuration that bears similarities to the Shu X-wind model. We find that the radial distribution of the mass load has a profound effect on both the rotational profile of the underlying jet as well as the degree of collimation of its outflow velocity and magnetic field lines. We show analytically, and confirm by our simulations, that the collimation of a jet depends on its radial current distribution, which in turn is prescribed by the mass load. Models with steeply descending mass loads have strong toroidal fields, and these collimate to cylinders (this includes the Ouyed-Pudritz and Blandford-Payne outflows). On the other hand, the more gradually descending mass load profiles (the PP92 and monopolar distributions) have weaker toroidal fields, and these result in wide-angle outflows with parabolic collimation. We also present detailed structural information about jets such as their radial profiles of jet density, toroidal magnetic field, and poloidal jet speed, as well as an analysis of the bulk energetics of our different simulations.

publication date

  • February 1, 2006