The pre-processing of subhaloes in SDSS groups and clusters Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We investigate pre-processing using the observed quenched fraction of group and cluster galaxies in the Yang et al. (2007) SDSS-DR7 group catalogue in the redshift range of 0.01 < z < 0.045. We categorize group galaxies as virialized, infall or backsplash and we apply a combination of the Dressler-Shectman statistic and group member velocities to identify subhaloes. On average the fraction of galaxies that reside in subhaloes is a function of host halo mass, where more massive systems have a higher fraction of subhalo galaxies both in the overall galaxy and infall populations. Additionally, we find that between 2 < r_200 < 3 the quiescent fraction is higher in the subhalo population with respect to both the field and non-subhalo populations. At these large radii (2 < r_200 < 3), the majority of galaxies (~ 80 %) belong to the infall population and therefore, we attribute the enhanced quenching to infalling subhalo galaxies, indicating that pre-processing has occurred in the subhalo population. We conclude that pre-processing plays a significant role in the observed quiescent fraction, but only for the most massive (M_halo > 10^14.5 M_sun) systems in our sample.

publication date

  • July 21, 2014