Long-range magnetic order in the 5d2double perovskite Ba2CaOsO6: comparison with spin-disordered Ba2YReO6
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The B-site ordered double perovskite Ba2CaOsO6 was studied by dc magnetic susceptibility, powder neutron diffraction and muon spin relaxation methods. The lattice parameter is a = 8.3619(6) Å at 280 K and cubic symmetry [Formula: see text] is retained to 3.5 K with a = 8.3462(7) Å. Curie-Weiss susceptibility behaviour is observed for T > 100 K and the derived constants are C = 0.3361(3) emu K mol(-1) and ΘCW = -156.2(3) K, in excellent agreement with literature values. This Curie constant is much smaller than the spin-only value of 1.00 emu K mol(-1) for a 5d(2) Os(6+) configuration, indicating a major influence of spin-orbit coupling. Previous studies had detected both susceptibility and heat capacity anomalies near 50 K but no definitive conclusion was drawn concerning the nature of the ground state. While no ordered Os moment could be detected by powder neutron diffraction, muon spin relaxation (µSR) data show clear long-lived oscillations indicative of a continuous transition to long-range magnetic order below TC = 50 K. An estimate of the ordered moment on Os(6+) is ∼ 0.2 μB, based upon a comparison with µSR data for Ba2YRuO6 with a known ordered moment of 2.2 μB. These results are compared with those for isostructural Ba2YReO6 which contains Re(5+), also 5d(2), and has a nearly identical unit cell constant, a = 8.36278(2) Å-a structural doppelgänger. In contrast, Ba2YReO6 shows ΘCW = - 616 K, and a complex spin-disordered and, ultimately, spin-frozen ground state below 50 K, indicating a much higher level of geometric frustration than in Ba2CaOsO6. The results on these 5d(2) systems are compared to recent theory, which predicts a variety of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic ground states. In the case of Ba2CaOsO6, our data indicate that a complex four-sublattice magnetic structure is likely. This is in contrast to the spin-disordered ground state in Ba2YReO6, despite a lack of evidence for structural disorder, for which theory currently provides no clear explanation.
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