Risk of intracranial hemorrhage between different direct oral anticoagulants in older patients seen in the emergency department with a head injury: A population-based cohort study Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Introduction

    Patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are increasingly managed in emergency departments (ED). It is unknown whether the risk of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) after a head injury differs between DOACs. The objective of this study was to compare risk of ICH at the index ED visit among older adults presenting to the ED with a head injury prescribed different DOACs.

    Methods

    Retrospective cohort study using population-based administrative databases from Ontario, Canada between 2016 and 2018 of patients age 65 years and older prescribed DOACs who were seen in the ED with a head injury. Patients were matched on the propensity score to create three pairwise-matched cohorts based on the DOAC prescribed (dabigatran vs rivaroxaban; dabigatran vs apixaban; rivaroxaban vs apixaban). For each cohort, relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of ICH diagnosed at the index ED visit were calculated.

    Results

    We identified 9230 older adults presenting with a head injury prescribed a DOAC. There were 1274 (13.8%) patients with a prescription for dabigatran, 3136 (34.0%) patients with a prescription for rivaroxaban, and 4820 (52.2%) patients with a prescription for apixaban. Overall, 5.9% of patients had an ICH at the index ED visit. After matching, there were no significant differences in the risk of ICH between any matched DOAC cohorts.

    Conclusion

    In patients aged 65 years and older with a prescription for a DOAC seen in the ED for a head injury, there were no differences in the risk of ICH between DOACs.

authors

  • Grewal, Keerat
  • Atzema, Clare L
  • Austin, Peter C
  • de Wit, Kerstin
  • Sharma, Sunjay
  • Mittmann, Nicole
  • Borgundvaag, Bjug
  • McLeod, Shelley L

publication date

  • June 2022