Column liquid chromatographic determination of paroxetine in human serum using solid-phase extraction Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • A 0.5-ml aliquot of a serum sample, after the addition of a 100-microliters aliquot of a 5 micrograms/ml solution of dibucaine as the internal standard, is vortex-mixed with 0.5 ml of acetonitrile and centrifuged. The supernatant is applied to a 1-ml BondElut C18 silica extraction column conditioned with subsequent washings with 1 M HCl, methanol and water. After passing the sample at a slow rate, the column is washed twice with water and once with acetonitrile. The desired compounds are then eluted with a 0.25-ml aliquot of 35% perchloric acid-methanol (1:40, v/v). A 7-microliters aliquot of the eluate is injected onto a 150 x 4.6 mm I.D. column packed with 5-microns C8 silica particles and eluted at ambient temperature with a mobile phase of 10 mM phosphate buffer-acetonitrile (2:1, v/v) (pH 3.2). The peaks are detected with a fluorescence detector (excitation at 295 nm, emission at 365 nm). The resulting chromatogram is clean with no extraneous peaks. Paroxetine and dibucaine give sharp peaks which are well separated from each other and from the solvent peaks. The extraction recovery of the drug and the internal standard is in the range of 90% which allows a highly sensitive determination of paroxetine.

publication date

  • November 1994