Reusable electrochemical cell for rapid separation of [18F]fluoride from [18O]water for flow-through synthesis of 18F-labeled tracers
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A brass-platinum electrochemical micro-flow cell was developed to extract [(18)F]fluoride from an aqueous solution and release it into an organic-based solution, suitable for subsequent radio-synthesis, in a fast and reliable manner. This cell does not suffer electrode erosion and is thus reusable while operating faster by enabling increased voltages. By optimizing temperature, trapping and release potentials, flow rates, and electrode materials, an overall [(18)F]fluoride trapping and release efficiency of 84 ± 5% (n=7) was achieved. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to analyze electrode surfaces of various metal-metal systems and the findings were correlated with the performance of the electrochemical cell. To demonstrate the reactivity of the released [(18)F]fluoride, the cell was coupled to a flow-through reactor and automated synthesis of [(18)F]FDG with a repeatable decay-corrected yield of 56 ± 4% (n=4) was completed in < 15 min. A multi-human dose of 5.92GBq [(18)F]FDG was also demonstrated.
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