The role of brain natriuretic peptide in atrial fibrillation: a substudy of the Substrate Modification with Aggressive Blood Pressure Control for Atrial Fibrillation (SMAC-AF) trial Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Abstract Background Catheter ablation is an established therapy for atrial fibrillation but is limited by recurrence; efforts have been made to identify biomarkers that predict recurrence. We investigated the effect of baseline NT-proBNP on AF recurrence following catheter ablation in patients randomized to aggressive (< 120/80 mmHg) or standard blood pressure management (< 140/90 mmHg) in the Substrate Modification with Aggressive Blood Pressure Control trial (SMAC-AF). Methods The SMAC-AF study included 173 patients resistant or intolerant to at least one class I or III antiarrhythmic drug. We studied the effect of baseline NT-proBNP on the primary outcome of AF recurrence > 3 months post-ablation. Results Of the 173 patients, 88 were randomized to the aggressive cohort, and 85 into the standard group. The primary outcome occurred in 61.4% of those in the aggressive arm, versus 61.2% in the standard arm. In the aggressive group, logNT-proBNP predicted recurrence (HR 1.28, p = 0.04, adjusted HR 1.43, p = 0.03), while in the standard cohort, it did not (HR 0.94, p = 0.62, adjusted HR 0.83, p = 0.22). NT-proBNP ≥ 280 pg/mL also predicted occurrence in the aggressive (HR 1.98, p = 0.02) but not the standard cohort (HR 1.00, p = 1.00). Conclusion We conclude that pre-ablation NT-proBNP may be useful in predicting recurrence in hypertensive patients and identifying patients who benefit from aggressive blood control and upstream therapies. Trial registration: NCT00438113, registered February 21, 2007.


  • Weng, Willy
  • Choudhury, Rajin
  • Sapp, John
  • Tang, Anthony
  • Healey, Jeffrey Sean
  • Nault, Isabelle
  • Rivard, Lena
  • Greiss, Isabelle
  • Bernick, Jordan
  • Parkash, Ratika

publication date

  • December 2021

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