The bioaccumulation of waterborne zinc in tissues of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) and its effect on biochemical parameters Academic Article uri icon

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  • Silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) is a fish species with neotropical distribution, and is a potential model organism to study polluted environment. The aim of this study is to analyze the response of silver catfish to environmental concentrations of waterborne zinc (Zn) over 96 h. Significant metal accumulation was seen in gill, intestine and liver tissues. No significant accumulation was seen in muscle tissue. Lipid peroxidation increased in the brain, and decreased in the muscle and liver at all levels of exposure. Zinc exposure led to decreased protein carbonyl levels in the brain and increased levels in the liver. The activity of catalase in the liver was reduced for all exposed groups. Glutathione S-transferase activity decreased in the brain at the highest level of exposure and in the liver at all Zn concentrations tested. Non-protein thiols increased in the muscle and in the gills after exposure. Ascorbic acid levels increased in the brain and in the gills. Exposure to Zn also altered the metabolic parameters, causing decreased lactate and ammonia levels in the muscle, and decreased glycogen in the liver. Zinc exposure increased ammonia and amino acid levels in the liver, and increase glycogen and amino acid levels in muscle tissue. Our results demonstrate that exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of Zn led to accumulation of metals in the tissues of silver catfish, with significant changes in biochemical parameters.


  • Leitemperger, Jossiele
  • Menezes, Charlene
  • de Oliveira, Vitor Antunes
  • Fiuza, Tiago
  • Barcarolli, Indianara Fernanda
  • Pereira, Maria Ester
  • Bianchini, Adalto
  • Loro, Vania Lucia

publication date

  • April 2019