Comparison of Inhaled Long-Acting β-Agonist and Anticholinergic Effectiveness in Older Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Background

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a largely preventable and manageable respiratory condition, affects an estimated 12% to 20% of adults. Long-acting inhaled β-agonists and anticholinergics have both been shown to improve COPD outcomes and are recommended for moderate to severe disease; however, little is known about their comparative effectiveness.

    Objective

    To compare survival in older patients with COPD who initially receive inhaled long-acting β-agonists with that of patients who receive anticholinergics.

    Design

    Population-based, retrospective cohort study.

    Setting

    Ontario, Canada.

    Patients

    Patients aged 66 years or older (who carry the largest burden of COPD and for whom data were available) who met a validated case definition of COPD on the basis of health administrative data and were newly prescribed an inhaled long-acting β-agonist or a long-acting anticholinergic (but not both) between 2003 and 2007. Patients were followed for up to 5.5 years.

    Measurements

    The primary outcome was all-cause mortality.

    Results

    A total of 46 403 patients with COPD (mean age, 77 years; 49% women) were included. Overall mortality was 38.2%. Mortality was higher in patients initially prescribed a long-acting anticholinergic than in those initially prescribed a long-acting inhaled β-agonist (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.09 to 1.19]). Rates of hospitalizations and emergency department visits were also higher in those initially prescribed a long-acting anticholinergic.

    Limitation

    Patients were classified as having COPD on the basis of health administrative records, which did not contain information about lung function.

    Conclusion

    Older adults initially prescribed long-acting inhaled β-agonists for the management of moderate COPD seem to have lower mortality than those initially prescribed long-acting anticholinergics. Further research is needed to confirm these findings in younger patients and in a randomized, controlled trial.

    Primary funding source

    Government of Ontario, Canada.

authors

  • Gershon, Andrea
  • Croxford, Ruth
  • To, Teresa
  • Stanbrook, Matthew B
  • Upshur, Ross
  • Sanchez-Romeu, Paula
  • Stukel, Thérèse

publication date

  • May 3, 2011

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