Metabolic endotoxemia is dictated by the type of lipopolysaccharide Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • AbstractLipopolysaccharides (LPS) can promote metabolic endotoxemia, which is considered inflammatory and metabolically detrimental based on Toll-like receptor (TLR)4 agonists such as Escherichia coli-derived LPS. LPS from certain bacteria antagonize TLR4 yet contribute to endotoxemia measured by Endotoxin Units (EU). We found that E. coli LPS impaired gut barrier function and worsened glycemic control in mice, but equal doses of LPS from other bacteria did not. Matching the LPS dose from R. sphaeroides and E. coli by EU revealed that only E. coli LPS promoted dysglycemia, adipose inflammation, delayed intestinal glucose absorption, and augmented insulin and GLP-1 secretion. Metabolically beneficial endotoxemia promoted by R. sphaeroides LPS counteracted dysglycemia caused by an equal dose of E. coli LPS and promoted insulin sensitivity in obese mice. The concept of metabolic endotoxemia should be expanded beyond LPS load (EU) to include LPS characteristics, where the balance of deleterious and beneficial endotoxemia regulates host metabolism.HighlightsType of LPS dictates gut barrier function, inflammation, insulin, GLP-1, intestinal glucose absorption and blood glucoseEndotoxin Units (EU) do not reflect how LPS influences blood glucose or hormonesLPS derived from certain types of bacteria are insulin sensitizersR. sphaeroides LPS promotes metabolically beneficial endotoxemiaLPS characteristics dictate metabolically beneficial versus deleterious endotoxemia


  • AnhĂȘ, Fernando F
  • Barra, Nicole G
  • Cavallari, Joseph F
  • Henriksbo, Brandyn D
  • Schertzer, Jonathan

publication date

  • July 14, 2021