High-dimensional unsupervised classification via parsimonious contaminated mixtures Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The contaminated Gaussian distribution represents a simple heavy-tailed elliptical generalization of the Gaussian distribution; unlike the often-considered t-distribution, it also allows for automatic detection of mild outlying or "bad" points in the same way that observations are typically assigned to the groups in the finite mixture model context. Starting from this distribution, we propose the contaminated factor analysis model as a method for dimensionality reduction and detection of bad points in higher dimensions. A mixture of contaminated Gaussian factor analyzers (MCGFA) model follows therefrom, and extends the recently proposed mixture of contaminated Gaussian distributions to high-dimensional data. We introduce a family of 32 parsimonious models formed by introducing constraints on the covariance and contamination structures of the general MCGFA model. We outline a variant of the expectation-maximization algorithm for parameter estimation. Various implementation issues are discussed, and the novel family of models is compared to well-established approaches on both simulated and real data.

publication date

  • February 2020