Genetic Variants and Susceptibility to Neurological Complications Following West Nile Virus Infection Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • To determine genetic factors predisposing to neurological complications following West Nile virus infection, we analyzed a cohort of 560 neuroinvasive case patients and 950 control patients for 13 371 mostly nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The top 3 SNPs on the basis of statistical significance were also in genes of biological plausibility: rs2066786 in RFC1 (replication factor C1) (P = 1.88 × 10(-5); odds ratio [OR], 0.68 [95% confidence interval {CI}, .56-.81]); rs2298771 in SCN1A (sodium channel, neuronal type I α subunit) (P = 5.87 × 10(-5); OR, 1.47 [95% CI, 1.21-1.77]); and rs25651 in ANPEP (ananyl aminopeptidase) (P = 1.44 × 10(-4); OR, 0.69 [95% CI, .56-.83]). Additional genotyping of these SNPs in a separate sample of 264 case patients and 296 control patients resulted in a lack of significance in the replication cohort; joint significance was as follows: rs2066786, P = .0022; rs2298771, P = .005; rs25651, P = .042. Using mostly nonsynonymous variants, we therefore did not identify genetic variants associated with neuroinvasive disease.

authors

  • Loeb, Mark
  • Eskandarian, Sasha
  • Rupp, Mark
  • Fishman, Neil
  • Gasink, Leanne
  • Patterson, Jan
  • Bramson, Jonathan
  • Hudson, Thomas J
  • Lemire, Mathieu

publication date

  • October 1, 2011

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