Concentration Dependent Solution Structure and Transport Mechanism in High Voltage LiTFSI–Adiponitrile Electrolytes Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The physiochemical properties of lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) in adiponitrile (ADN) electrolytes were explored as a function of concentration. The phase diagram and ionic conductivity plots show a distinct relationship between the eutectic composition of the electrolyte and the concentration of maximum ionic conductivity in the 25 °C isotherm. We propose a structure-based explanation for the variation of electrolyte ionic conductivity with LiTFSI concentration, where the eutectic concentration is a transitionary region at which the structure changes from solvated contact ion pairs to extended units of [Liz(ADN)xTFSIy]z−y aggregates. It is found through diffusion coefficient measurements using pulsed-field gradient (PFG) NMR that both D L i / D T F S I and D L i / D A D N increase with concentration until 2.9 M, where after Li+ becomes the fastest diffusing species, suggesting that ion hopping becomes the dominant transport mechanism for Li+. Variable diffusion-time (Δ) PFG NMR is used to track this evolution of the ion transport mechanism. A differentiation in Li+ transport between the micro and bulk levels that increases with concentration was observed. It is proposed that ion hopping within [Liz(ADN)xTFSIy]z−y aggregates dominates the micro-scale, while the bulk-scale is governed by vehicular transport. Lastly, we demonstrate that LiTFSI in ADN is a suitable electrolyte system for use in Li-O2 cells.

authors

  • Franko, Christopher J
  • Yim, Chae-Ho
  • Årén, Fabian
  • Åvall, Gustav
  • Whitfield, Pamela S
  • Johansson, Patrik
  • Abu-Lebdeh, Yaser A
  • Goward, Gillian Ruth

publication date

  • December 1, 2020