The Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds: How Well Does It Reflect the Canadian Population? Academic Article uri icon

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  • Background: The intent of the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) cohort is to understand the early determinants of subclinical cardiac and vascular disease and progression in adults selected from existing cohorts-the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow's Health, the Prospective Urban and Rural Evaluation (PURE) cohort, and the Montreal Heart Institute Biobank. We evaluated how well the CAHHM-Health Services Research (CAHHM-HSR) subcohort reflects the Canadian population. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used among a prospective cohort of community-dwelling adults aged 35-69 years who met the CAHHM inclusion criteria, and a cohort of adults aged 35-69 years who responded to the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey-Rapid Response module. The INTERHEART risk score was calculated at the individual level with means and proportions reported at the overall and provincial level. Results: There are modest differences between CAHHM-HSR study participants and the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey-Rapid Response respondents in age (56.3 vs 51.7 mean years), proportion of men (44.9% vs 49.3%), and mean INTERHEART risk score (9.7 vs 10.1). Larger differences were observed in postsecondary education (86.8% vs 70.2%), Chinese ethnicity (11.0% vs 3.3%), obesity (23.2% vs 29.3%), current smoker status (6.1% vs 18.4%), and having no cardiac testing (30.4% vs 55.9%). Conclusions: CAHHM-HSR participants are older, of higher socioeconomic status, and have a similar mean INTERHEART risk score, compared with participants in the Canadian Community Health Survey. Differing sampling strategies and missing data may explain some differences between the CAHHM-HSR cohort and Canadian community-dwelling adults and should be considered when using the CAHHM-HSR for scientific research.


  • Hall, Ruth E
  • Tusevljak, Natasa
  • Wu, C Fangyun
  • Ibrahim, Quazi
  • Schulze, Karleen
  • Khan, Anam M
  • Desai, Dipika
  • Awadalla, Philip
  • Broet, Philippe
  • Dummer, Trevor JB
  • Hicks, Jason
  • Tardif, Jean-Claude
  • Teo, Koon
  • Vena, Jennifer
  • Lee, Douglas
  • Friedrich, Matthias
  • Anand, Sonia
  • Tu, Jack V

publication date

  • November 2020