To evaluate the quality of information presented on YouTube regarding functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for patients.
YouTube was searched using FESS-specific keywords under the setting of “relevance.” The first 50 videos from each keyword were reviewed and analyzed by 2 independent physician reviewers. Videos not related to FESS and duplicates were excluded. Outcome measures included the modified DISCERN score (range 0-5), the Journal of the American Medical Association ( JAMA) benchmark criteria (range: 0-4), a novel scoring checklist for FESS assessing usefulness (range: 0-16), and the Video Power Index (VPI). Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated.
Of the 200 videos identified, 95 videos were analyzed after exclusions. Videos had an average VPI of 40.8 and SD 133.2. Average scores from the 3 objective checklists among all videos were low: modified DISCERN: 1.91, SD: 1.15; JAMA benchmark: 1.91, SD: 0.76; and FESS score: 3.54, SD: 1.77. The ICC between the 2 independent reviewers was excellent for all 3 checklists. We noted significant positive Pearson correlation between all 3 checklist scores ( P < .001). In between-group comparisons of mean scores, there was significantly higher DISCERN and JAMA scores for videos from university/professional organizations, as compared to videos from medical advertising/for-profit companies and independent users. There were no significant differences in FESS scores noted between the 3 groups.
There were overall low scores across the modified DISCERN, JAMA benchmark criteria, and FESS scoring checklists, reflecting the poor quality of YouTube videos as a source of patient information for FESS.