The effect of cyclosporin A on Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection and eosinophilia in mice Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Male BALB/c mice were infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis and at various times p.i. treated with cyclosporin A (CsA) either for 5 days continuously or intermittently, or for 12-16 days on alternate days. They were monitored for peripheral blood eosinophilia and at necropsy examined for CSF and bone marrow eosinophilia, and worm recovery. CsA treatment provoked a transient inhibition of peripheral blood eosinophilia in all groups examined, followed by rebounding eosinophilia. There was no significant difference in bone marrow and CSF eosinophilia between CsA- and vehicle-treated groups. Mice treated with CsA on alternate days yielded lower intracranial worm recovery with small-sized worms at days 7, 21 and 30 p.i. than vehicle-treated groups did. No significant reduction in worm recovery was noted in mice treated for 5 days either continuously or intermittently, although worms, especially female ones, harvested from groups treated with CsA from days--1 to 3 or from days 13 to 17 were significantly smaller than those from vehicle-treated groups. CsA-treatment suppressed blastogenic responses of spleen cells against Con A or worm antigen at days 7 and 21 p.i. In vitro treatment of the 3rd stage larvae with CsA did not adversely influence survival of A. cantonensis in mice. These data indicate that CsA exerts anti-parasitic effects against A. cantonensis in mice.

authors

  • Yoshimura, K
  • Sugaya, H
  • Ishida, K
  • Khan, Waliul
  • Abe, T
  • Unno, K

publication date

  • December 1993