Partial characterization of the genome of nine animal caliciviruses Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Caliciviruses (CVs) include at least 42 distinct serotypes. Seventeen CV serotypes have been isolated from marine sources and are called San Miguel sea lion caliciviruses (SMSVs). CVs also have been isolated from reptiles, primates, and other terrestrial animals. Nucleotide sequences from portions of genome of prototype strains for six SMSV serotypes, the reptile CV, Cro-1, the cetacean CV, Tur-1, and the primate CV, Pan-1, are presented. cDNA products of the polymerase (all strains characterized) and capsid (SMSV-17) regions were produced by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using Pan-1 primers. Comparisons of nucleotide and amino acid identity among these and published CV sequences indicated that the nine characterized CVs fall into a phylogenetic group that includes SMSV-1 and SMSV-4 and that is more closely related to other characterized animal CVs than to most human CVs. The phylogenetic analysis also indicated that distinct genera exist among the Caliciviridae. SMSV-17 and SMSV-4 are predicted to be closer to each other than other caliciviruses of known serotype; 574 (82%) of the 704 amino acids in the SMSV-17 and SMSV-4 capsid genes were identical.

authors

  • Matson, DO
  • Berke, T
  • Dinulos, MB
  • Poet, E
  • Zhong, W-M
  • Dai, XM
  • Jiang, X
  • Golding, Brian
  • Smith, AW

publication date

  • December 1996

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