Visual Outcomes After Endoscopic Endonasal Resection of Orbital Lesions
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BACKGROUND: The endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has been increasing in popularity as an alternative to traditional transcranial and transorbital approaches in the treatment of orbital pathological entities. The purpose of the present study was to examine the outcomes of patients who had undergone EEA resection of orbital lesions at our center. METHODS: We performed a retrospective medical record review of patients who had undergone the EEA for resection of orbital lesions and orbital apex decompression from January 1, 2006 to December 1, 2019. For all the patients, the demographic data, presenting symptoms, symptom duration, imaging data, operative details, and postoperative outcomes were collected and reviewed. RESULTS: Nine patients underwent endoscopic endonasal resection of orbital lesions and orbital apex decompression at our center, including 6 male patients and 3 female patients. The mean age was 49.4 years, and the mean follow-up period was 3.8 years (range, 1-13.5 years). The orbital pathological lesions that were treated included nasopharyngeal carcinoma, hemangioma, fibrous dysplasia, IgG4 pseudotumor, inverted papilloma, angioleiomyoma, adenocarcinoma, and neuroendocrine paraganglioma metastasis. All the patients presented with exophthalmos of the affected orbit. Of the 9 patients, 5 presented with decreased visual acuity on examination. Postoperatively, 1 of these 5 patients had improved to baseline visual acuity, 3 had stable vision, and 1 had brief improvement before experiencing progressive visual decline 1 month postoperatively. Two patients presented with diplopia, and both improved postoperatively. Three patients experienced new, transient, and self-limiting postoperative diplopia. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with orbital lesions causing compressive optic neuropathy, the endoscopic endonasal approach can be used as an alternative strategy in appropriately selected patients.
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