Solute Movement across the Alveolar-Capillary Membrane after Intratracheally Administered Bleomycin in Rats Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The rate of absorption across the alveolar-capillary membrane of inhaled 99mTc-DTPA and the concentration of albumin in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid were characterized in a rat model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Adult male Lewis rats were studied from 1 h to 120 days after a single intratracheal instillation of bleomycin (0.5 to 0.6 U/100 g body weight). The retention of 99mTc-DTPA in the lungs, expressed as a percentage of the baseline radioactivity, was determined at 15 min (%R15) after delivery of the tracer. The %R15 was 83.7 +/- 6.0 for normal untreated rats and 84.3 +/- 3.7 for saline-treated animals. The rate of absorption of 99mTc-DTPA began to increase 24 h after bleomycin, reaching a maximum at Day 7, with %R15 = 56.0 +/- 6.5 (p less than 0.0001). Resolution to control values occurred by Day 34 after bleomycin. At Day 45 after bleomycin, the rate of absorption of 99mTc-DTPA was slower than sham (control), with %R15 = 89.2 +/- 1.9 (p less than 0.5). However, from Day 63 onwards, removal was not different from control. The concentration of albumin in the BAL fluid began to increase 48 h after bleomycin, was 10-fold greater than control by Day 7 (150 +/- 38 versus 16 +/- 3 micrograms/ml), and returned to control values by Day 28. The percentage of neutrophils in the BAL increased at 12 h, reached a plateau of 33 +/- 9% between 4 and 7 days, and then returned to control values by Day 14.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • July 1988