Canadian association of emergency physicians guidelines for the acute management of migraine headache Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The aim of this article is to provide an evidence-based guideline on the management of acute migraine headaches in the Emergency Department setting. After a Medline search that covered 1965 to the present, all randomized controlled trials were reviewed. Recommendations as to the efficacy of abortive anti-migraine medications were based on the Canadian Medical Association's Guideline for Guidelines. Classes of medications that are discussed include: dopamine antagonists, serotonin agonists, opioids, local anesthetics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and steroids. The recommendations are limited to discussing the efficacy of specific medications, adverse effects to be expected, as well as associated headache rates after discharge. Specific recommendations as to which medication might offer a superior treatment have not been proposed due to lack of proper comparative trials as well as lack of information on headache and quality of life after discharge from the Emergency Department.

publication date

  • January 1999