Novel Murine Model of Pneumococcal Pneumonia: Use of Temperature as a Measure of Disease Severity To Compare the Efficacies of Moxifloxacin and Levofloxacin Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • ABSTRACT Surface temperature measured by an infrared temperature-scanning thermometer was used to evaluate disease severity and predict imminent death in a murine model of pneumococcal pneumonia. We showed that a decrease in temperature was associated with increasing severity of disease and concomitant histological changes and also that a temperature of 30°C or less was a predictor of death. Furthermore, viable bacterial counts in the lungs of mice euthanized at a temperature of ≤ 30°C were not significantly different from those seen in the lungs of mice allowed to die without intervention. These data support temperature change as a more subtle indicator of outcome than death and demonstrate that this could be used as a reliable end point for euthanasia. To test the utility of our model in a drug trial, we examined the efficacies of moxifloxacin and levofloxacin by using temperature as a measure of disease severity prior to and during treatment. Regardless of the antibiotic used, mice assessed as moderately ill (temperature ≥ 32°C) at the start of treatment had better clinical and bacteriological outcomes than mice assessed as severely ill (temperature < 32°C). However, moxifloxacin offered better protection and greater bacterial clearance than did levofloxacin in all infected mice independent of disease severity. This model not only allows a more subtle evaluation of drug efficacy but also ensures a better degree of standardization and a more humane approach to drug efficacy studies involving animals.


  • Bast, Darrin J
  • Yue, M
  • Chen, X
  • Bell, D
  • Dresser, L
  • Saskin, R
  • Mandell, Lionel
  • Low, DE
  • de Azavedo, Joyce CS

publication date

  • September 2004