ELISA measurements of 17beta-oestradiol, testosterone and progesterone were determined for urine samples collected non-invasively from female mice. Initial samples were collected during 5 successive days while mature female mice were isolated and cyclic. Subsequently, female mice were inseminated and additional urine samples were collected during days 2-6 after observation of copulatory plugs. Measurements of oestradiol and testosterone showed variance over days within individuals and did not significantly differ in measurements taken before or after insemination. Progesterone concentrations were significantly higher after insemination compared with before mating. In a second sample of inseminated females, urinary progesterone was measured during days 2-18 of pregnancy. Most females showed high urinary progesterone up to day 10 of pregnancy and lower concentrations during the remainder of gestation. These results indicate that urinary progesterone reflects established systemic increases of this hormone during pregnancy.