The Systemic Effects of Intermittent Claudication are Reversed by Angioplasty Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • INTRODUCTION: exercise in patients with intermittent claudication causes systemic effects, the consequences of which are unknown. This study investigates whether successful PTA reverses the systemic effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ten patients with IC were recruited prior to PTA. Having emptied their bladders and rested for 1 h, pre-exercise blood and urine samples were collected. Patients underwent treadmill exercise to maximum walking time and blood samples were collected at 10, 20 and 30 min. A second urine sample was collected at 60 min. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and von Willebrands Factor (vWF) were measured in blood and albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) and retinol binding protein/creatinine ratio (RBP/Cr) in urine. Patients were recalled 2 weeks after successful angioplasty and the protocol repeated. Following PTA patients walked for a maximum of 5 min. RESULTS: there was no significant change in vWF. Exercise in claudicants induced a significant increase in median ACR (pre/post exercise=0.85 p =0.03) and in median RBP/Cr (pre/post exercise=1.8 p =0.04). These changes were no longer evident after successful PTA. TAC was significantly different before and after angioplasty at all time intervals. CONCLUSION: successful PTA reverses glomerular effects of exercise in claudicants. Future work should investigate the use of PTA in conjunction with exercise in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease.

authors

  • Lewis, DR
  • Day, A
  • Jeremy, JY
  • Baird, RN
  • Smith, Frank
  • Lamont, PM

publication date

  • October 2001