Location of the multimerin 1 binding site in coagulation factor V: An update
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Activated coagulation factor V (FVa) is an important cofactor that accelerates thrombin production. In human blood, 25% of the factor V (FV) is stored in platelets, complexed to the polymeric, FV binding protein multimerin 1 (MMRN1). The light chain of FV is required for MMRN1 binding, and its C2 domain contains a MMRN1 binding site that overlaps phospholipid binding residues essential for FVa procoagulant function. The homologous structures and roles of the FVa light chain C1 and C2 domains led us to investigate if the C1 domain also contains a MMRN1 binding site. The MMRN1 binding properties of FV constructs were tested by modified enzyme-linked immunoassays, before and after thrombin activation. The constructs tested included the combined C1 and C2 domain deleted FV, and B-domain deleted forms of FV containing C1 domain point mutations or combined C1 and C2 domain phospholipid binding site mutations. The MMRN1 binding site in FV/FVa was mapped to a large region that included the C1 domain phospholipid binding residues Y1956 and L1957. The FV construct with combined C1 and C2 domain phospholipid binding site mutations had no MMRN1 binding, highlighting the critical role of the FV C1 and C2 domain phospholipid binding residues in MMRN1 binding. Our data update the information on the structural features of FV and FVa important for MMRN1 binding, and suggest that the extended MMRN1 binding site in the C1 and C2 domains is important for the storage of FV-MMRN1 complexes in platelets.
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