Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema: Still unrecognized
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Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are a widely used antihypertensive modality. While they have a favorable side effect profile, there is a .1% to .2% incidence of potentially life threatening angioedema. The edema usually presents in the head and neck, especially the face, lips, tongue, and glottis. Patients may initially be treated with standard anti-allergic therapy; however, the situation may dictate a more aggressive therapeutic approach. The authors present the case of a patient who presented with angioedema 18 times over a 3-year period to qualified emergency physicians before the correct diagnosis of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema was made. Despite recent literature on the subject, there appears to be a lack of familiarization among emergency department physicians regarding this relatively common adverse effect.
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