Treatment-emergent hypertension and outcomes in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer receiving chemotherapy with or without the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor cediranib: NCIC Clinical Trials Group Study BR24
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BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN), a recognized adverse effect of angiogenesis inhibitors, may be a potential biomarker of activity of these agents. We conducted a retrospective analysis to examine the incidence and predictors of the development of on-treatment HTN with the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor cediranib, and the relationship of this adverse event with treatment outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BR24 was a double-blind placebo-controlled phase II trial of carboplatin/paclitaxel chemotherapy with either daily oral cediranib or placebo in patients (n = 296) with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Exploratory analyses characterized relationships between HTN, baseline variables, and efficacy outcomes. RESULTS: New onset or worsening of preexisting HTN (treatment-emergent HTN) was more frequent in patients receiving cediranib (68 versus 45%, P < 0.0001). Factors associated with HTN in all randomized patients were good performance status and treatment with cediranib. In both arms, treatment-emergent HTN was associated with improved efficacy outcomes, but there was no evidence of a differential treatment effect, with nonsignificant interaction P values. CONCLUSIONS: In advanced NSCLC, HTN is frequent in patients receiving chemotherapy, with or without cediranib. The development of HTN was favorably prognostic in these patients, but not predictive of a differential outcome with cediranib.